"獎盃只限台灣人領取, 外籍人士除外". 我參加過許多場的路跑賽事, 偶爾我會看到這樣的條文規定. 或許沒有很多台灣人有發現, 但是我想強調的是, 這就是種族歧視, 只因國籍不同而歧視, 而這... 想當然... 是錯的. 我曾在全世界多國參加路跑賽事, 但我從未見過類似的規定, 美國, 歐洲, 或是日本, 都沒有.
想像你到國外旅遊, 到了一家餐廳要用餐, 但是店家說: 不歡迎台灣人, 或是, 台灣人請到餐廳外用餐. 你不會覺得被欺負了嗎? 你知道, 這是種族歧視, 對吧? 相同的情況正發生在台灣, 在路跑賽事上.
想像你經歷過辛苦的訓練, 大老遠地來到外地參加一場賽事, 半夜起床, 在台灣的炎熱氣候下努力跑了21或42公里, 幸運的, 你跑進了總排前十有獎盃, 你在等待頒獎時, 突然大會宣布:"因為你不是台灣人, 所以獎盃不能頒給你", 你的感覺如何? 你跟其他台灣人一樣靠實力跑進總排, 但是, 只因為你是外國人, 所以榮譽不屬於你, 這是對國籍的歧視, 這就是種族歧視.
種族歧視不但違反人權並且傷人尊嚴. 世界人權組織的國際宣言裡明白條列著, "所有人類不該因為顏色, 種族, 過國旗而受到不同待遇", 這場有這樣規定的半馬賽是明顯的違反了這樣的條例.
我也觀察到, 去年間關於一群非洲菁英跑者來台灣參加各種賽事拿走大獎及獎金的事件. 我大概知道, 這樣的敘獎限制應該是針對他們, 我知道很多的台灣跑者也都在抱怨這樣的事情發生. 連我自己都長在賽事起跑點看到小黑時會有些失望, 因為他們都好快, 有他們參加的賽事, 獎項大概都被他們拿走. 我想有些主辦單位想要把他們屏除在外. 但是, 請深思. 如果他們的膚色不是黑的, 而是跟台灣人一樣的黃色, 如果他們是台灣人, 你們會把他們排除嗎? 答案一定是不會. 如果一群台灣菁英跑者, 也把所有賽事的獎項都拿走, 他們一定也會不被接受, 但是, 卻不會被排除在外. 也就是說, 排除非洲跑者在外是基於國籍, 是種族歧視, 這觸犯了他們的人權, 以及他們的尊嚴. (我要強調, 他們跑得快, 除了天份之外, 還有, 他們都經過嚴格的訓練, 們是因為實力而授獎, 不是作弊. 但是, 顯然他們都有簽證的問題,今年似乎就不再看到各種有獎金賽事有小黑的現象再現, 無論如何, 們都確實按照規定憑實力跑完賽.)
居住在台灣多年, 我最喜歡的是台灣的人民, 台灣人都很友善也很親切, 我常受到台灣人的幫助與照顧. 我有很多台灣朋友, 他們都是好人, 只是, 他們大多沒有意識到這是種族歧視. 如果你站在他們的角度思考, 我相信大家都會知道這是錯的. 我們都是地球公民, 國籍或膚色或有不同, 但我們都是人類. 被欺負時感到受傷, 被接受時感到快樂. 我希望這篇文章可以讓更多台灣人警覺到這個問題, 幫助台灣人更能欣然接受各種各色人種, 各種國籍人士. 台灣是一個讓台灣人跟外國人都可以快樂居住的先進國家, 在台灣, 我們不需要有種族歧視的路跑賽事.
“Trophies are only for Taiwanese, foreigners excluded”. As I participate more and more running events, sometimes I see this in the race descriptions. Perhaps many Taiwanese are not aware of, but I want to point out that this is nothing but racism, discriminating people based on nationality, and this --- of course --- is wrong. I participated many running races around the world, but have never seen this in US, Europe or in Japan.
Imagine you travel abroad, and try to eat in a restaurant. They say Taiwanese are not allowed, or Taiwanese should eat outside. Don’t you feel offended? You understand this is racism, right? The same is happening here in Taiwan at running races.
Imagine you go through hard training several months. Travel far away to the race location. Wake up early in the morning. Run for 21km, or somethings for 42km under the hot weather in Taiwan. Then, luckily you finish within the top 10 for awards. You wait for the award ceremony. Then, suddenly, organizers say, “We cannot give you a trophy because you are not Taiwanese”. How do you feel? You ran as hard as other Taiwanese runners, but you cannot get trophy because you are a foreigner. This is discrimination based on nationality, which is racism.
Racism is a violation against human rights, and dignity. Universal Declaration of Human Rights states all humans should not be discriminated based on color, races, or nationality”. The above half marathon event is clearly violating this.
While I am also aware that until last year, about a dozen African elite runners took all award prizes away in many races. I can imagine this rule might be targeting these elite African runners. I know many Taiwanese runners were complaining about them. I also feel disappointed when they show up at the start line. Because they are so fast, I have no chance to win prizes. I understand some organizers might want to kick them out from the races. However, please think more carefully here. If their skins are not black, but yellow as Taiwanese, if they are Taiwanese, would you kick them out? The answer is no. If there were a group of elite Taiwanese runners taking all prizes in all races, they would be frowned upon as African runners are, but they would not be kicked out from races. That is to say, kicking out African runners is based on nationality, and therefore is a racism. It is violating their human rights and dignity. (I should also point out they are fast because of hard training and their talents. They took prizes in a completely legal way, without cheating. So they are entitled to take prizes. However this year, apparently they had a VISA problem, and disappeared from races. But they ran races fair and square.)
What I like about Taiwan most is Taiwanese people. They are so friendly and kind. They helped me many times when I am in need. I have many Taiwanese friends. Taiwanese are nice people. It’s just they are not aware of this is racism. If you put yourself in the opposite position, I am sure many Taiwanese understand this is wrong. We are all humans. Nationality and colors might be different, but we are all humans. Get hurt when offended. Feel happier if accepted. I hope this article helps more Taiwanese runners become aware of the problem, and helps Taiwan’s running races more open and happier ones for all nationalities. Taiwan is an advanced country where both Taiwanese and foreigners live happily. We do not need a space for racism in Taiwan’s running events.
So far I have found nationality discrimination in the following running races.
-國際扶輪第一屆萬人反毒公益路跑暨嘉年華園遊會(for this one, I actually got a trophy despite the above regulation.)
If you know organizers of these races, please let them know about this article, and how a foreigner felt about their regulation. Hopefully they will remove the regulation in the future.